A Quarterly Inter-disciplinary open access Journal

International Journal of Reverse Pharmacology and Health Research

ISSN 2589-3343

IJRPHR is an open access, peer-review journal, devoted to nurture the traditional medicines through reverse pharmacology concepts and implementing it to health care system through health research methods.

show more..

Best Paper Award

    International Journal of Reverse Pharmacology and Health Research (IJRPHR) will give best paper award in every issue.

    click Here to download

Research article , : 2019 | Volume: 2 | Issue: 4 | Pages : 61-65

Management for Viper Snake Bite with External Application in Siddha Medical System

Corresponding author: Lavanya P*, Pholtan Rajeev SR,

Name :
Affliation :
Email :


Background: Pit vipers, such as the rattlesnake, copperhead, and cottonmouth (also called water moccasin), are poisonous (venomous) snakes. Symptoms of a pit viper snakebite usually appear within a few minutes to a few hours after a bite. If venom is injected, about 35% are mild envenomations, 25% are moderate envenomations, and 10% to 15% are severe.According to Siddha Toxicology, its mentioned 16 types of viper snakes in one book at the same time other school of thought; vipers are classified into 06 types. But management schedule of viper bite defined as specific type and general type internal and external medicines respectively.In this research only external managements were discussed. Objective: to find-out & enumerate the external management for viper snake bite in siddha medical system, to identify mostly prescribed external application for viper bite. Methodology:Literature review, Research design: collect the literature evidences from selected Tamil Siddha books. Grouping the collected data then presentation of the data with discussion and conclusion. Source of Literature: Siddha Toxicology, written by Dr. K. S. Murugesa Mudaliar. Result:in this research revealed that, mostly prescribed external application was paste as 40% among the 06 types of the preparation types of the medicines for viper managements. Then, application of preparation was top in rank was site of snake bite as 61% out of 04 different application areas of body. Conclusion: most of the viper bite managed by herbal paste and oil types of preparation (60%) and mostly apply on site of snake bite area was notified to management.